Various conflicting problems were concurrent with the result of a Republic that, from the outset, its first governing body the socialist party SPD was forced to contend with.
|Why Study Weimar Germany? | Facing History and Ourselves||Why the Weimar Republic failed Lighting a fire with worthless banknotes, Countless historians have sought to understand and explain the failure of the Weimar Republic. The only certainty is that the answer is complex and many factors were involved.|
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These included the aspect of German imperialism, the unresolved defeat offinancial collapse and the forced struggle against the activities of the National party as well as inflation. Other factors that influenced the failure of Weimar were the structural weaknesses induced by the constitution and the basic lack of support for the Republic among the German people particularly amongst the elite.
The period during which they were appointed to rule was associated with defeat and misery, and when disorder was nationwide. The situation then, was that of revolution.
However, rather than to make it a revolution of there own, they co-operated with the liberals and with the catholic centre party to lead Germany in a reformed version of her old self.
In Junethey voted to comply with the treaty of Versailles. However, the signing of the Treaty served to promote protest and unrest amongst the soldiers, sailors and the German people generally, and democracy thus resulted in becoming an alien device.
The sailors at Kiel mutinied in a last desperate effort on October 28 and on November 9the streets were filled with crowds marching to demonstrate at the center of Berlin. Furthermore, compliance with the Treaty of Versailles meant that Germany would have to make reparation payments it could scarcely afford.
This fact placed a heavy strain on the already suffering economy of Germany which was bankrupted by four years of war thus ensuing in the ascend of inflation and the occasioning of the respite of payments by Germany in The French reacted by occupying the Ruhr, a major industrial area of Germany, in January This was felt a grave humiliation by the German people and eventuated in widespread discontent.
The economic instability, on top of the disillusionment and resent caused by the humiliating peace settlement, resulted in vast sections of German society feeling alienated by the Republic.
They responded by attacking the democracy and as a consequence it became impossible to control the hostility and discontent. The deteriorating economic and social situation also managed to wreak havoc on the political atmosphere of the time and the Republic wound up having no positive friends and too many enemies.
The Republic faced opposition from the extreme left by Spartacists who resorted to force in efforts to overturn the Republic. In Marchthe Freikorps who in Berlin launched a pro-Monarchist putsch in an attempt to install Wolfgang Kapp as Chancellor also challenged the Republic from the right.
During this incident troops both refused to defend the Republic or take action against Freikorps. In protest the working classes then responded by organizing a general strike in Berlin, which had the effect of frustrating this putsch. The present regime was able to survive despite the numerous threats.
Extremism remained to pollute the atmosphere, the evidence being represented in the alarming amount of political assassinations that continued occurring. In evidence, according to an estimate of the Minister of Justice, rightists committed murders between and During this time, when the Republic was suffering most and was being threatened, practically from all sides, Hitler had been making affective attempts to capitalize on the resultant circumstances.
He exploited the economic collapse by blaming it on all those he wished to portray as enemies. Hitler, however, continued to fail until when he finally seized power.
The continued disruption caused by his attacks on the Republic, notably his Munich putsch, in addition to the economic crises as well as the resurfacing of the previously unresolved issues promulgated the grounds for an increased anti-republican sentiment which reached a climax in when the Republic was on its knees due to hyperinflation.
It was against this traumatic background that the leadership of the republic was passed to the hands of Gustav Stresemann in August His determination and ambition to rectify circumstances in Germany were realized in November when he introduced a new currency.
Valued at one billion old Marks the introduction of the Rentenmark at the end of was a main reason for the currency stabalization.
Further stability came with the Dawes plan of Aprilwhich provided a modified settlement of the reparation issues.
In addition, French troops were then confirmed to leave the Ruhr, and disputes between the two countries then went too independent ruling.
In September, Stresemann called off passive resistance unconditionally. These headed many positive changes in Germany, whose effects were felt universally in almost every facet of German life. Bythe German economy revived.
The changes Stresemann managed to bring about still had the effect of deviating opposition by both the extremist groups on the right as well as the left. However, while it seemed that politics might have settled down, the circumstances that were to follow in the coming years proved that Stresemann perhaps merely postponed internal problems rather than eradicated them.
Consequently, as the American economy boomed the attractiveness of investment in Germany became overshadowed and the German economy thus, again proceeded to decline in The depression that hit Germany inis said to have been the most severe economic depression in modern world history.
It devastated the lives of the urban population as well as those living in the country districts that in recourse to the economic circumstances struggled desperately.
The unemployment figures for Germany show the rapid deterioration of the economic climate. In September 1. These conditions, in addition to the loss of confidence generated overseas which resulted in the rapid withdrawal of the foreign loans Germany relied on extensively placed additional strain on the republic.
The political repercussions were just as acute.Weimar was doomed from the start The Weimar Republic failed due to a popular distrust in democracy that was reinforced by severe economic crises and aggravated by the ‘Chains of Versailles’ and the actions of the right wing.
- The collapse of the Weimar Republic 1) Explain why the Weimar Republic collapsed. 1) In January , the German voters, elected a national assembly to write a constitution. The assembly met in Weimar, and in August , the constitution established . - The collapse of the Weimar Republic 1) Explain why the Weimar Republic collapsed.
1) In January , the German voters, elected a national assembly to write a constitution. The assembly met in Weimar, and in August , the constitution established a democratic republic known as the Weimar Republic. Essay: Weimar Republic There were various factors that contributed to the failure of the Weimar Republic of Germany and the ascent of Hitler’s National Socialist German Workers Party into power on January 30, Problems of The Weimar Republic In The Years Of Essay - Problems of The Weimar Republic In The Years Of The Weimar Republic was .
Abstract: What led to the fall of the Weimar Republic and the rise of Hitler’s Third Reich continues to be an important question for students of history and politics.