Sometimes the impact of one culture can cause entire religions in another.
The discovery of artifacts associated with Aga and Enmebaragesi of Kishtwo other kings named in the stories, has lent credibility to the historical existence of Gilgamesh.
Utnapishtim The Comparison of the epic of gilgamesh flood tablet XI contains additional story material besides the flood. The flood story was included because in it the flood hero Utnapishtim is granted immortality by the gods and that fits the immortality theme of the epic.
The main point seems to be that Utnapishtim was granted eternal life in unique, never-to-be-repeated circumstances. As if to demonstrate this point, Utnapishtim challenges Gilgamesh to stay awake for six days and seven nights. However, as soon as Utnapishtim finishes speaking Gilgamesh falls asleep.
Utnapishtim instructs his wife to bake a loaf of bread for every day he is asleep so that Gilgamesh cannot deny his failure. Gilgamesh, who wants to overcome death, cannot even conquer sleep.
As Gilgamesh is leaving, Utnapishtim's wife asks her husband to offer a parting gift. Utnapishtim tells Gilgamesh of a boxthorn -like plant at the very bottom of the ocean that will make him young again.
Gilgamesh obtains the plant by binding stones to his feet so he can walk on the bottom of the sea. He recovers the plant and plans to test it on an old man when he returns to Uruk. Unfortunately, when Gilgamesh stops to bathe it is stolen by a serpent that sheds its skin as it departs, apparently reborn.
Gilgamesh, having failed both chances, returns to Uruk, where the sight of its massive walls provokes him to praise this enduring work of mortal men.
The implication may be that mortals can achieve immortality through lasting works of civilization and culture. Flood myth section[ edit ] LinesTablet XI  note: The "great gods" Anu, Enlil, Ninurta, Ennugi, and Ea were sworn to secrecy about their plan to cause the flood.
But the god Ea Sumerian god Enki repeated the plan to Utnapishtim through a reed wall in a reed house. Ea commanded Utnapishtim to demolish his house and build a boat, regardless of the cost, to keep living beings alive.
The boat must have equal dimensions with corresponding width and length and be covered over like Apsu boats. Utnapishtim promised to do what Ea commanded. He asked Ea what he should say to the city elders and the population. Ea tells him to say that Enlil has rejected him and he can no longer reside in the city or set foot in Enlil's territory.
He should also say that he will go down to the Apsu "to live with my lord Ea". Building and launching the boat[ edit ] Carpenters, reed workers, and other people assembled one morning. The sides of the superstructure had equal lengths of cubits.
He also made a drawing of the interior structure. The boat had six decks [? Water plugs were driven into the middle part. Punting poles and other necessary things were laid in. Three times 3, units of raw bitumen were melted in a kiln and three times 3, units of oil were used in addition to two times 3, units of oil that were stored in the boat.
Oxen and sheep were slaughtered and ale, beer, oil, and wine were distributed to the workmen, like at a new year's festival. When the boat was finished, the launching was very difficult. A runway of poles was used to slide the boat into the water.
Two-thirds of the boat was in the water.The Gilgamesh flood myth is a flood myth in the Epic of yunusemremert.com scholars believe that the flood myth was added to Tablet XI in the "standard version" of the Gilgamesh Epic by an editor who utilized the flood story from the Epic of Atrahasis.
A short reference to the flood myth is also present in the much older Sumerian Gilgamesh poems, from which the later Babylonian versions drew much. The Divine Comedy: Volume 1: Inferno (Pt. 1) (English and Italian Edition) [Dante Alighieri, Robin Kirkpatrick, Giorgio Petrocchi] on yunusemremert.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The first part of Dante's epic poem The Divine Comedy, revealing the eternal punishment reserved for . The next chapter, which is a very lightly rewritten version of one appearing in EVD’s book The Gods Were Astronauts, examines Buritca, Colombia, where a series of terraced ruins can be yunusemremert.com Weimar-era German ethnological information, EVD concludes that the Kogi people of that area obtained their mythology from an antediluvian civilization.
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