RAR Chair by Charles and Ray Eames for Herman Miller, s American husband-and-wife team Charles and Ray Eames are world renowned for their hugely influential modern designs across media—furniture, architecture, graphics, and products—all characterized by a playful, clean aesthetic, which has proved highly accessible and enduring. Their work can be seen to parallel the evolution of postwar American design, from the rise of the West Coast to the global proliferation of American culture. Charles Eames was born in in St.
The development of American modernism after World War I was largely marked by the presence of the leading proponents of the European intellectual and artistic circles.
Nevertheless, there are certain figures which grew up solely within the local context and managed to construct highly innovative practices. The best example of this claim is the case of Charles and Ray Eames. These two figures had met at Michigan based Cranbrook School of Art inand a year later they opened a prolific design studio.
In the years to come, their projects in architecture and Charles and ray eames essay design, but also exhibition design, curatorial practice, and filmmaking, have moved the boundaries of each activity, introduced innovative approaches and are reasonably considered a milestone in broader cultural context.
A huge retrospective of their work titled The World of Charles and Ray Eames was on display at the Henry Ford Museum of American Innovation and it featured more than four hundred artifacts which represent both the individual careers of Ray and Charles and the outstanding work of the Eames Office.
Prototypes and shell castings of the famous furniture designed by Charles and Ray. He studied architecture for two years at the Washington University in St. Louison, and several sources claim that Eames was dismissed due to his inclination to modern tedencies. That did not stop him from establishing his own architectural biro with Charles Gray inand the two were later joined by a third partner, Walter Pauley.
The Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen influenced Eames much and aroundhe even invited him to continue studying at the Cranbrook Academy of Art, where years later Eames started teaching and led the industrial design department. The two architects introduced a new technique of wood molding, which was further extended by Eames himself in many molded plywood products, such as chairs and other furniture, splints, and stretchers for the US Navy during World War II.
InCharles divorced from his first wife Catherine and he remarried his colleague Bernice, nicknamed Ray, Kaiser.
The newlyweds moved to Los Angeles, California, where they worked and lived until their deaths. InCharles Eames died of a heart attack while on a consulting trip, and was buried in the Calvary Cemetery there.
He was honored with a star on the St.
Louis Walk of Fame. InRay Eames founded the American Abstract Artists group, had several exhibitions and one of her paintings is even part of the permanent collection of The Whitney Museum of American Art.
Advised by architect and friend Ben Baldwin, in she started studying at the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan where she was exposed to different media. The original examples of her textiles can be found in various museum collections. Aside from textiles, Ray released graphics for advertising, covers, posters game boards, invitations, and business cards.
As it was mentioned, Ray married Charles Eames inand the two of them began a successful career; it was after Charles passed away the Eames Office started working. Nevertheless, she continued working on several unfinished projects, published books and administered the Eames archive and estate.
They are both buried next to each other in Calvary Cemetery in St. It is a house constructed out of pre-fabricated steel parts located upon a cliff overlooking the Pacific Ocean, and it is still considered as one of the most important sites of modern architecture.
Throughout the years, the design process of Charles and Ray Eames was based on equality. The Eameses pioneered various technologies, such as plastic resin chairs, fiberglass furniture or the wire mesh chairs. Although the work of the designers is mostly associated with modern furniture design and architecture, they were interested in a variety of media through which they were able to express themselves, so they produced a number of over one hundred twenty-five short films which document their interests like collecting toys and cultural artifacts on their travels.
The films also record the process of hanging their exhibits or producing classic furniture designs. Charles and Ray Eames also curated and designed a number of exhibitions, and one of the most important is titled Mathematica: Finally, the exhibition presented the designers and their creative process in regards to wider political, cultural and social conditions and once again underline their position as the leading artistic figures of the 20th century.
Produced in close collaboration with Eames estate, this novel publication presents the husband-and-wife team from both personal and professional perspectives, as well as the lively interplay of their public and private lives. Charles and Ray Eames are among the most important twentieth-century designers, and the story of the Eames Office is that of the history of visual and material culture in the post-war, modern period.
This groundbreaking monograph charts the history of their inspiring and prolific world and brings together key works and ideas explored at the Eames Office throughout its extraordinary history.
Never miss a story again.Charles Eames was also unhappy with the form; Albinson had reached his 13th version of the chair’s arm before Eames settled on the design. The form continued to plague him after production. In the late s Eames remarked that there was a “sort of ugliness” to the chair.
Charles Ormond Eames, Jr., (June 17, – August 21, ) was an American designer, architect and film maker. In creative partnership with his spouse Ray Kaiser Eames he is responsible for groundbreaking contributions in the field of architecture, furniture design, industrial design.
Charles Eames and Ray Eames: Charles Eames and Ray Eames, American designers best known for the beauty, comfort, elegance, and delicacy of their mass-producible furniture. They also wrote books, made motion pictures, and designed exhibitions, fabrics, and industrial and consumer products.
Learn about the designers Charles and Ray Eames, creators of the world-renowned Eames lounge chair and molded plywood chairs. The World of Charles and Ray Eames at the Barbican Art Gallery. Photograph: Andy Hall for the Observer They were in many ways perfect, unbeatable, radiant, possessed of infectious creativity.
The work of Charles and Ray Eames: a legacy of invention / essays by Donald Albrecht [et al.] Harry N. Abrams in association with the Library of Congress and the Vitra Design Museum New York Australian/Harvard Citation.